CBD is one name that you must have been hearing frequently, with the popularity of the compound increasing owing to the multiple medical conditions that can be treated with its therapeutic benefits. The compound is extracted from hemp plant of the cannabis family and a wide selection of products with varying methods of intake is available in the CBD category.
Here is a complete guide on various products and sub products of CBD.
Core Product Types Of CBD
Every CBD product that you get in the market is obtained from either of the two core products of CBD, CBD extract or CBD isolate that are often sold as standalone products.
CBD extract has consistency and color that ranges from that of dark black paste to honey. It contains hemp plant materials like fatty acids, terpenenoids and cannabinoids that maximize the extract’s therapeutic benefits. Although the extract is majorly used as an ingredient in other CBD products, it can also be used as a standalone product. The extract comes packed inside syringes or similar containers, facilitating its accurate dosing.
The highest quality extract preserves the benefits of all the hemp compounds by retaining all essential phytochemicals in addition to CBD. The extract is termed full spectrum. Broad spectrum extract has slight variations from full spectrum extract, as the former doesn’t have THC unlike the latter.
CBD isolate is a crystalline or powdered white substance that contains 99% and more cannabidiol. It is one among the three spectrum options in CBD, with the other two being full spectrum and broad spectrum CBD. Isolate is an exclusive CBD product, as all it contains is CBD.
CBD isolate is made by processing full spectrum extract by crystallization technique that eliminates all compounds except CBD.
Based on the method of consumption CBD products can be grouped into various sub product categories.
Sublingual CBD Products
In sublingual method of intake, the sublingual CBD product is placed under the tongue for about a minute to facilitate the direct absorption of CBD into the bloodstream through the sublingual glands. Some popular sublingual CBD products are given below.
CBD oil is obtained by employing advanced CBD extraction methods like CO2 extraction or ethanol extraction. Although other CBD extraction methods exist, they do not perform as much as CO2 extraction or ethanol extraction.
CBD oils are made by infusing CBD extract with carrier oils like hemp seed oil, coconut oil etc and the addition of flavoring agents is usually avoided. Lack of flavoring agents gives a raw taste to the oil but the minimalistic ingredient profile retains the potency of the oil.
CBD tinctures use alcohol base in which CBD extract is dissolved. Unlike CBD oils, tinctures contain flavoring agents and additional herbs that help to mask the unpleasant taste of raw CBD but the extra ingredients reduce the potency of the tincture.
Tinctures are available as full spectrum, broad spectrum or CBD isolate, and one can make a suitable choice according to the specific benefits they require.
Ingestible CBD Products
Ingestible CBD products are taken orally like any normal edible, and prior to the absorption of CBD, the CBD product has to be digested inside the stomach.
CBD edibles are prepared by adding CBD to traditional edibles offering a delicious CBD option to CBD users. CBD candies, CBD chocolate, brownies etc are some popular examples of CBD edibles. The edibles are digested in the stomach and CBD absorption begins only after the digestion process is done. The CBD in the edibles has to bypass the liver and the process reduces the amount of CBD that reaches the bloodstream.
CBD capsules contain potent CBD oils inside them and the capsules are taken like any normal pill. The CBD content in each pill will be clearly specified on the packet helping the users to precisely dose CBD. The outer covering of the pill is easily digested once it reaches the stomach, and CBD enters the bloodstream through the membranes in the digestive system.
CBD topicals are produced by adding CBD extract to topical like creams, lotions ,salves etc .As the name indicates, CBD topicals are meant for external application on skin to handle several skin diseases and pain symptoms. Major CBD topicals differ only in terms of the water content in them.
CBD salves do not contain water while creams and lotions have significant water content in them.
CBD concentrates are high potency hemp extracts that are available in all of the CBD spectrum options. CBD concentrates can be dabbed or smoked enabling the faster entry of CBD into the bloodstream producing the effects within a few minutes.
CBD crumble, shatter, wax, terpsolate etc are some of the popular CBD concentrates available widely in the market.
Advanced research and clinical trials have widened the range of CBD options and the medical conditions that can be treated using CBD.