There has been a meteoric rise in the number of CBD products owing to its therapeutic and medical benefits. CBD is one of the 100 cannabinoids along with THC found in the hemp plant which has been used in oriental medicine for millennia due to its medical benefits. Now, in the modern era after the identification of its medical properties, there has been a resurgence in its demand especially CBD. Its lack of side effects and not being psychotropic makes it an attractive proposition as a herbal alternative to opioid painkillers. The following are some of the top CBD benefits.
CBD is found to be very effective in treating epileptic seizures and the FDA has approved cannabidiol derived drug Epidiolex. It is also found to be useful in treating other forms of seizures in conditions like Dravet syndrome and Lennox Gastaut syndrome in children. Because of this several studies are conducted to study CBD’s effectiveness in treating Epilepsy. For example, a study was conducted with 23 children and young adults who had drug-resistant epilepsy for a period of 3 months. Among them, those who were administered with 98% oil-based CBD experienced fewer seizures and for 39% of them, seizures reduced by half.
The popularity of CBD is due to its analgesic property and this is because of its influence on the endocannabinoid system consisting of two receptors CB1 and CB2. The former is predominantly found in the pain-pathways and the latter is more present in the immune system which is responsible for inflammations. Moreover, CBD is also known to activate the vanilloid receptors that are responsible for pain perception. In a study that involved 18 clinical trials, it was found that CBD is effective at reducing various types of chronic pains such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, neuropathic pain etc.
In multiple sclerosis cases, it was found that a combination of CBD and THC reduced pain and it can be used in higher doses without any side effects. Therefore, CBD products are effective in pain-relieving and more people are using it.
CBD is known to lower insulin resistance and improve metabolic rate. In a study involving 5000 individuals who were using CBD, it was found that they had lower glucose levels in fasting as well as lower BMI. Moreover, it is also known to reduce obesity and manage weight because it helps in converting the adipose or white fat cells into brown fat cells. This is because CBD activates PPAR receptors which control genes that are involved in energy homeostasis and other metabolic functions.
CBD has neuroprotection quality because it can break down Amyloid which is one of the reasons for many neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease. In a 6 week study involving 5 patients with motor disorders, administering 100 to 600 mg of CBD has shown to reduce their muscle twitching.
It is caused by the immune system attacking the myelin sheath of nerve fibres and causing their deterioration. Because of this, the neuroprotective quality of CBD helps in reducing the Multiple Sclerosis symptoms. In a study, 189 people suffering from multiple sclerosis were administered with a combination of CBD and THC. The result showed that they experienced less muscle tightness, sleep disturbances, pain and improved bladder control.
CBD is known to improve serotonin levels in the brain by activating 5-HT1A receptors and for this; a high concentration of cannabidiol is required. This is the reason for its anti-anxiety and stress-reducing quality. Moreover, the raw unheated version of CBD, CBDA (Cannabidiol acid) has more affinity to these receptors. Hence, in a study involving 42 acute schizophrenia patients who were administered with CBD for 4 weeks and they reported constant improvements. Moreover, it is also known that CBD acts as Anandamide reuptake inhibitor and thereby increasing its levels resulting in improved mood. Therefore, CBD is useful in treating hard to treat Schizophrenia symptoms.
Along with the reasons mentioned above consuming CBD has shown to reduce the blood flow to the limbic system. Because of this CBD results in reduced anxiety as well as improved blood flow to posterior cingulated which is important in cognition. According to a study involving 10 healthy volunteers who were given CBD, it was reported to reduce social anxiety and improve cognition. Therefore, studies are conducted to learn more about the benefits of CBD in treating panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
CBD is useful in relieving the pain and swelling of joints due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. In a study involving 58 people who were given CBD, THC combination showed reduced symptoms. Hence it is useful in treating arthritis symptoms as well as preventing joint damages.
It is very clear by now that CBD has many potential medical benefits and used by people suffering from various ailments. Therefore, more researches are conducted globally to find novel uses and benefits of CBD products.